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By Esther Meir-Glitzenstein

Zionism in an Arab state explores the kinfolk among the Zionist institution in Israel, and the Jewish group in Iraq. This dating is concentrated on agencies: a Zionist flow and a security association. through reviewing the job of those agencies, Esther Meir-Glitzstein examines the last decade previous mass immigration, and divulges the political, societal, financial and cultural advancements that formed the background of Iraqi Jewry during this the most important period.Beyond the main target at the sphere of Zionist task, Meir-Glitzstein additionally uncovers the fundamental difficulties that formed either the improvement of Iraqi Jewry within the Forties and the coverage of the Zionist institution - trapped among Arab nationalism and Jewish nationalism. ultimately, she elucidates the explanations and situations that resulted in the mass immigration of Jews from Iraq to the country of Israel.

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Extra resources for Zionism in an Arab Country: Jews in Iraq in the 1940s

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Boaz to Giladi and Atara [Shilon to Eliahu Elath and Eliahu Sasson in the Political Department], 29 May 1945, Haganah Archives, 14a/22. 59. Letter to Atara (Political Department), 5 July 1945, Haganah Archives, 14/22. 60. To Atara, 15 November 1945, CZA, S25/3529. 61. Meeting of the coordinating secretariat, Tel Aviv, 7 October 1947, Hakibbutz Hameuhad Archives, Yad Tabenkin, division 1b, container 8, file 34. Relations between the Jews, british and Arabs in Iraq in the 1940s 31 62. Shina, Mi-Bavel le-Tziyyon, pp.

Lord Birdwood, Nuri as-Said: A Study in Arab Leadership (London: Cassell, 1959), pp. 202–6. 14. Segev (Tel Aviv: Ma’archat, 1954), p. 23. 15. Longrigg, Iraq, p. 343. 16. Iraqi Inquiry, Me-ahorei ha-pargod, p. 26. 17. Harold Paul Luks, ‘Iraqi Jews during World War II’, The Wiener Library Bulletin 30, no. 43/44 (1977), p. 30. 18. Based on a document by the US ambassador, 31 August 1944, entitled ‘Nuri Pasha’s Ideas and Plans’, in Luks, ‘Iraqi Jews’, p. 37. 19. , based on a report by the US delegation to the UN dated 27 September 1947.

The tension was manifested mainly in politics and the media. It was mainly students and party activists who were involved in the mass demonstrations. The vast majority of people remained passive. Chronologically speaking, there were two periods of tension: one towards the end of World War II (1945) and the other, more severe and more intense, from late 1947 to May 1948. Between the two periods there was relative quiet. Moreover, the Iraqi governments (there were six governments in Iraq between 1945 and 1948) did all they could to protect the lives of the Jews, whether out of concern for their welfare, for the sake of the country’s reputation and to prove its positive attitude toward minorities in general and toward the Jews in particular, or because they were afraid that anti-Jewish riots would evolve into anti-government riots.

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