By Vittorio M. Lampugnani
The predecessor of this paintings, the Encyclopedia of recent structure, was once first released in 1963. Now, after an period of 20 years, a brand new, accelerated and entirely revised model is out there. initially released in 1964 as Encyclopedia of contemporary structure. Translated and tailored from Knaurs Lexikon der modernen Architektur, edited by means of Gerd Hatje and Wolfgang Pehnt. thoroughly revised and enlarged variation.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of 20th-Century Architecture
This work was especially concen- to 'Bau und Ausbau' ('Building and Development'), so that the conflict with the advocates of an independent art which had begun under Meyer's directorship was continued, even if now under different banners, under Mies van der Rohe. In 1932 the right-radical faction of the Dessau municipal council put down a motion to close the Bauhaus, and this was adopted with the support of the Social Democrats. For over six months Mies van der Rohe carried on the work of the Bauhaus as a private institute, housed in an abandoned telephone factory in BerlinSteglitz.
Building is not an aesthetic process. ' This stance led to internal conflicts among the artists at the Bauhaus. . . Meyer's political leanings became increasingly leftist, and he was attacked from outside by the more influential. Finally, the mayor of Dessau, Fritz Hesse, an active right, increasingly liberal supporter of the Bauhaus, was forced to dismiss Meyer. In its last director, Ludwig *Mies van Rohe, the Bauhaus gained a leader der devoted to absolute standards of quality and a relentless work ethic.
In [890 he was impressed by the work of the luministes (Josef Israels) in Holland, and the work ot~ painters foundersuch as Leibl in Munich; he was member of the Münchner Se/ession 111 [893. Already interested in the graphic arts, lus early compositions (coloured woodcuts, trontisattitudes Winfried Büxel, Manfred Sabatke, Erhard Tränkner and Karlheinz Weber (left 1981). Since 1967 he has served as a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Darmstadt. Undoubtedly the best-known works of the Behnisch office are the sports buildings of the Olympiapark, Munich (1967—72), built for the 1972 Olympic Games.