By N. Rubin
The Oslo strategy of September 1993 to January 2001 eventually caused an enduring holiday in American Judaism's conventional wall-to-wall help for any Israeli govt. Drawing on vast new assets, Rubin analyzes what this intended for the yankee and Israeli Jewish communities―critical constituencies in earlier and destiny negotiations.
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Extra info for American Jewry and the Oslo Years
That would mean delaying what would be seen as provocative moves, a category in which the Bush administration clearly put the Israeli loan guarantees. As Baker shared 13 years later, he had repeatedly heard from Arab governments that approving Israel’s request would jeopardize the United States’ ability to be perceived as an unbiased broker. “Publicly,” he wrote, “we said the United States would ‘fully consider’ the [Israeli] request. ”41 Echoing the anger and confirming Baker’s version of events, Dennis Ross, then the secretary of state’s coordinator of Middle East policy, wrote that he had told Bush that Shamir “would be a fool to jeopardize [loan guarantees] by violating the terms of the Levy letter,” in which Baker and Israeli foreign minister David Levy agreed that Israel would give advance notice to Washington regarding expansion of settlements and not use US-guaranteed money at certain venues.
Groups targeting Jewish young adults and teenagers were also energized with funding and focus. A prominent example was the rise of Hillel: The Foundation for Campus Jewish Life, which in 1994 became fully independent of its founder, B’nai B’rith International. 73 Communities such as Atlanta founded agencies such as Atlanta Young Adult Agency (YAD) to engage both college students and young adults in their twenties, hoping to stoke Jewish loyalties in the years before these young adults would wed and begin families.
The following are some brief examples. ● ● ● ● ● The major portion of the relationship between Presidents’ Conference members and the White House liaison on Jewish affairs is consumed with discussions on Israel policy. A large focus of the AJCommittee’s international diplomatic outreach is pro-Israel activism. The ADL puts a large focus on monitoring anti-Israel activity by journalists, cultural elites, and political figures. B’nai B’rith International’s office at the United Nations, which once gave much focus to the Soviet Jewry cause, is now principally focused on helping Israel at the United Nations.